What does automation mean? What is automation? Automation in the language of ancient Greece means the command itself. Automation is a combination of two words, “automatic” and “operation,” meaning acting without a foreign agent (human) or with the least impact, is a foreign factor. In other words, automation means automatic operation. Two of the most commonly used automation and office automation systems.
Industrialization or industrial automation means using control tools (eg computers) to control industrial machinery and production processes. In automation industrialization, the next step is mechanization. In a way that mechanization replaces the machine with human physical force, physical and automation greatly diminish the role of direct human perception in the industry. The only users who participate in these systems are observers who are called engineers.
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The automation production cycle includes all the factors necessary for measuring, transmitting, displaying, storing and adjusting information from the steps involved in the construction and execution of the relevant orders. By creating processor chips and controllers, the idea of creating such systems was created. Systems that are able to minimize human intervention in the production cycle, and only make him an overview of the process. Industrial robots play the most important role in these systems.
The application of industrial automation is one of the most important pillars of industrial production. Before these types of systems were used, various devices were used to control the production lines, each of which operated independently and had many limitations; but the purpose of automation and use of the robot was to inject the feeling into the production process Is. Both the targeting of devices and robots and the creation of a network in a production system are the result of the application of automation technology; in other words, automation is tasked with controlling the production process, but the tasks defined by an automation system The relevant experts are set to include:
- Flow control strategies at the factory.
- Information exchange between production sectors.
- Create an interface between the user and the control set. Automation systems in both types of production processes that include:
- Constant (divergent) processes such as refinement, food and …
- Discrete processes (convergent), such as cars, household appliances, etc, are applicable.
A production process is tailored to the type of product to be divided into three parts: production, packaging, and distribution. Production is the most important part of the manufacturing process. Measuring the quality of raw materials, performing basic operations on them until final product processing and final product control tests. Robots for moving and fixing the feet are part of most production lines, but since all products and products at the end of the production process need to be packaged and the factors such as the duration of consumption, health issues, the simplicity of transport, etc. The quality of the product and the distribution of its effect, so the attention to this section is mandatory. From product loading to vehicle delivery to product delivery in stores, it is part of the distribution.
The use of robots for loading and intelligent transportation lines is one of the most important achievements of automation in the distribution sector. Automation even at the management levels of production is also very effective. This is important with the help of human-machine interfaces (HMI). As well as controlling the system, collecting, synchronizing information and displaying it at various levels of management. Control of the system with the help of remote HMI is simply possible.
Advantages of Industrial Automation
Robots were first used in the industry in 1954. These robots, known as the Robot Arm, featured three axes of freedom to move, today the same robots have six axes of freedom. Also, today the goal of automation for manufacturing companies has changed from the primary goals of reducing costs and increasing production to higher goals such as increasing the quality and flexibility of the system. The primary goals were without foresight and customer orientation.
Today, the application of industrial automation and instrumentation in the various industrial processes and processes is abundant. Control of process and complex measurement systems that are used in industries such as oil, gas, petrochemicals, chemical industry, food industry, automobile industry, etc. require very precise and sensitive tools. Recent technological advances in controlling the process and measuring various industrial parameters such as pressure, temperature, flow, etc. have increased product quality and reduced production costs. In general, some of the benefits of industrial automation are as follows:
– Repeatability of activities and processes
– Improving the quality of manufactured products
– Increase in production speed (quantity of production)
– More accurate and faster quality control
– Reduction of the waste of production (waste)
– Better interaction with business systems
– Increase the productivity of industrial units
– Raising the safety factor for manpower and reducing the psychological and physical pressures At present, the improvement of the quality level of products in various industries, along with the increase in production quantitatively, is the main objective of each industrial unit, and industry managers have been aware of this and have focused their efforts on this goal.
The need to increase the quality and quantity of a product is the use of advanced and automatic machines. Machine tools that are mostly automated and more reliant on human factors.
Automation and Security Work
In the area of job security, almost everyone agrees with automation. Because in many industries where there are risks to humans (such as the chemical and atomic industry), this system has a high and effective position. At the same time, in many industries, the precision required is not at all achievable by humans. In such environments, only computers that are controlled by the computer should be used.
Automation And Flexibility
Imagine being the owner of the factory where the market is saturated with its products or your product is no longer a buyer or for any other reason, you are planning to produce another product. To do this, you have to replace all the devices in the production line, in other words, you have to spend a lot to avoid losses, but if you have implemented an industrial automation system on your production line and put the main tasks of construction into Robots have been assigned to modify the product, simply modify your network software and do some work on your hardware; in other words, industrial automation can create big losses and, in fact, create bankruptcy and make diversification in production.
Office automation is a collection of methods for registering, displaying and managing administrative, technical, and financial trends. But, despite the fact that for many years, the use of administrative and financial mechanized software in organizations, office and office documents and document circulation are often carried out traditionally. Lower speed, increased bureaucracy, system dependency on individuals, and the lack of coordination of the traditional way with integrated software will increase the magnitude of human errors and reduce productivity in organizations.
Office automation that includes financial, personnel, administrative, archiving and technical systems, and can be used in a centralized and related setup. ERP system is also called Enterprise Resource Planning. Planning, organizing, controlling and monitoring the performance of in-company activities is one of the most important criteria and prerequisites for the development and application of information technology in today’s organizations. The research group (Research of Workflow Management Association) shows that traditional organizations, even the successful institutions of society, Practically only use 30% of their human resources, and from 70% other than wasting time and overhead costs nothing is earned.
An Overview of Office Automation
Office automation is to connect the information of computers in an organization to the network or use a common software program to transfer information, statistics, letters, and correspondence as well as instructions in a fully integrated and easy way. Thus, A new formula for classifying, exchanging, adjusting and correcting intra-organizational information and expediting implementation without the need for customary administrative procedures and saving on time and materials.
Removing paper from archives and office, removing space constraints for archiving files and tools like folders, reducing environmental and fire hazards, increasing the security factor in keeping information and maintaining support for the most commonly used features of administrative automation.
The excellence of organizations with office automation
Each organization is formed to carry out missions and achieve certain goals, and these goals determine the core activities of the organization. Given the fact that the goals, thoughts, activities, and actions taken in each organization are kept in documents and kept up to date with a great deal of time and money, it contains valuable information and experiences that have played an important role in the excellence of the organization. One of the important tools for management is to make plans and strategic decisions.
Hence, mechanized systems are a step forward in accelerating appropriate affairs and information, especially in developing countries, and it is worth considering institutions and organizations, and in particular government departments with a visionary perspective. Office automation is the best tool for finding useful ways to save time and optimal use of time in the organization. Mechanized solutions will speed up the organization’s communication activities, as well as manage workflow. In this process, removal of paper correspondence, saving and optimal use of time are practiced.
The administrative correspondence system has been set up to mechanize correspondence in various administrative units. The system carries out various stages of the flyer, including letters sent and received, and working with various cartons. The purpose of this system is to integrate circular literature in offices, remove the paper, control the letter of the tour, and check the position of the letter at any time, the ability to track referenced letters and find the bottlenecks of the circular letter that could prevent the letter from being stopped. Electronic archiving, digital signage and e-card.
Nowadays, its management of office work and correspondence, as well as time management in organizations and economic institutions have completely changed, and the use of slow and problematic administrative procedures is unacceptable. The high volume of information and correspondence and access enables administrators and administrators who value time management in their portfolio to automate office administration in a variety of ways.
Many new technologies are based on this statement: “People think the machine will work.” The human mind and the basis of the human being themselves enjoy doing new things or thinking about new strategies and avoiding repetitive work. Nowadays, technology has been used to solve this problem with human help, but on the other hand, despite the fact that for many years, implementation of various types of financial and industrial mechanized systems in our country’s organizations and institutions, office, and financial documents circulation are often the traditional ones will be done. Low speed, increased bureaucracy, system dependency on individuals, and the lack of coordination with mechanized systems, especially the office automation system, have led to a significant increase in human errors and reduced productivity in organizations.
Conclusion: This was the information about some different parts of the automation. Hope that it is useful for you. If you have any sort of problems feel free to ask your question regarding this website and articles in the comment section. We will try our best to solve your problems and guide the simplest way. Thank you for visiting our website www.sciencetreat.com. Keep visiting our website for more information about the latest technology and health.